Labor Protect Act (Issue 5) year 2017 this new issue has important information are children protection and increase punishment to people who uses children labors. To protect children who are the nation future from inappropriate employment. Prohibition employers take advantage from illegal using child labors. The intentions are protecting, restraining and expelling human labor trafficking problem efficiently and protecting and taking care of child labor. However, employers can employ children to work normally.
Child labor is an employee whose age from 15 years old but not yet 18 years old. Employers cannot employ a child whose age lower than 15 years old. Employers who disobey will have to imprison no more than 2 years or fine 400,000 – 800,000 baht or both. A person who is 18 years old is not child labor.
In part of child labor who is lower than 18 years old, employer has to inform labor checking officer to know about employment within 15 days from day that child starts to work. And the child will not allow to work overtime by not allow to work on holidays and during 10.00 PM – 06.00 AM. If any employer disobeys he or she will imprison not more than 6 months or fine 100,000 baht or both. And if employee gets harm to health, mental or death, employer will imprison not more than 1 year or fine 200,000 baht or both.
Child labor who is lower than 18 years law specified some kind of working that prohibit child to do such as dangerous works which are melt metal, electricity saw, chemical, drive fork-lift trucks, 10 meters scaffold etc. and work prohibit place which are slaughterhouse, gamble place and entertainment venue etc. If employer disobeys he or she will imprison not more than 2 years or fine 400,000 – 800,000 baht or both per 1 employee. And if employee gets physical harm, mental harm or death employer will imprison not more than 4 years or fine 800,000 – 2,000,000 baht or both.
In part of woman labor as well law forbids woman to work in mine, underground construction, and product- transport inflammable object. If there is a pregnant woman she will get permission to stop working on holiday or stop working overtime during 10.00 PM – 06.00 AM. Said woman labor will consent and pregnant woman labor cannot work with vibration machine, lift thing which have weight more than 15 kg. and various works can request to change duty contemporarily. If any employer disobey and does not perform according to law it will be a cause that make employee get physical harm, mental harm and death employee will imprison not more than 1 year or fine 200,000 baht or both.
Good information from Office of Justice Affairs