Understanding basic and easy criminal proceedings within 1 minute

        When there is an offence it absolutely has a sufferer. The first thing that sufferer should do urgently is report the police or sue to the court. When officer realize about the case then he will investigate to find an offender. When officer get an offenderin here we will call accused. When the accused was arrested, in the meantime, the investigation officer will also inform the allegations and the rights of the accused. during the investigation of the suspect that is controlled for not more than 48 hours and staff will be required to prepare the case file to send to the public prosecutor to determine if the case is the grounds or enough evidence to convict the accused or to file a lawsuit? If the prosecutor considers "Order not to sue" means the cause and the evidence is not sufficientto the prosecution of the accused, but if the prosecutor "sued" refers to the evidence available in the investigation stage enough to prosecute the accused.

         When the government attorney submitted the case to the court of First Instance that the court will consider the case to carry out of proceedings and make appointment date, inquire,  investigate and judge the case. When the court of First Instance judged the plaintiff (injured person) or defendant (alleged offender) any parties did not happy or refuse to admit with judgment of the court of First Instance. They can be appealed to The Court of Appeals and when the Court of Appeals judged, if the plaintiff or the defendant also not happy, they can be filed a petition to Supreme court But judgment of the Supreme is a final judgment because the Supreme court is a highest court that when they have a judgmentand it appears that the defendant did not make a mistake following the government attorney sued, the court may have an order to releaseor the judgment specified that the defendant really made a mistake. The court will specify penalty that the defendant should be received. The criminal penalty in Thailand has 5 levels which are  Confiscation of property , Fine , Confinement, Prison sentence and  Execution. If the defendant get a  Prison sentencehe or she must be delivered to prison. On the time to be punished that the prison have activities to assuage, recreate, solve behavior and  practice occupation to prisoner, Some prisoner has better behavior to help the prison job, do not brawl to be a good prisoner may release prematurely or break a penalty or reduce prison days

Reference  : Office of Justice Affairs pages.