Labor Protect Act (Issue 5) year 2017 this new issue has important information are children protection and increase punishment to people who uses children labors. To protect children who are nation future that happens from inappropriate employment. Prohibition employees take advantage from illegal using children labors. The intentions are protecting, restraining and expelling human labor trafficking problem efficiently and protecting and take caring of children labor. However, employer can employ children to work normally.
What are children labors? Employee who is a child up to 15 years but not 18 years in case child is lower than 15 years. Employers cannot employ absolutely. Employers who disobey will have to imprison not more than 2 years or fine 400,000 – 800,000 baht or both. A person who is 18 years old he or she is not child labor.
In part of child labor who is lower than 18 years old employer has to inform labor checking officer to know about employment within 15 days from day that child starts to work. And child will not allow to work overtime by not allow to work on holidays and during 10.00 PM – 06.00 AM. If any employer disobeys he or she will imprison not more than 6 months or fine 100,000 baht or both. And if employee gets harm to health, mental or death employer will imprison not more than 1 year or fine 200,000 baht or both.
Child labor who is lower than 18 years law specified some kind of working that prohibit child to do such as dangerous works which are melt metal, electricity saw, chemical, driveforklift trucks, 10 meters scaffold etc. and work prohibit place which are slaughterhouse, gamble place and entertainment venue etc. If employer disobeys he or she will imprison not more than 2 years or fine 400,000 – 800,000 baht or both per 1 employee. And if employee gets physical harm, mental harm or death employer will imprison not more than 4 years or fine 800,000 – 2,000,000 baht or both.
In part of woman labor as well law forbids woman to work in mine, underground construction, and product- transport inflammable object. If there is a pregnant woman she will get permission to stop working on holiday or stop working overtime during 10.00 PM – 06.00 AM. Said woman labor will consent and pregnant woman labor cannot work with vibration machine, lift thing which have weight more than 15 kg. and various works can request to change duty contemporarily. If any employer disobey and does not perform according to law it will be a cause that make employee get physical harm, mental harm and death employee will imprison not more than 1 year or fine 200,000 baht or both.
Good information from office of justice affairs